Shevchenko combined the completed works of 1843–1845 into the album "Three Summers".

Kotsyubynsky dreamed of creating a chronicle of good. In the epoch of reaction, Stolypin’s bloody transformations, time of exploits and cruelties the writer was compelled to create the chronicle of national grief, wanderings and trials. But hope, like a dream, did not leave the writer. A bright and firm conviction in the inevitable realization of a better destiny permeates every word of the artist, every intonation of him. Isn’t that what he said: "What a life force! We are used to it and do not notice the victory of the living over the dead, effective over the inert, and we do not seem to know that the sun creates flowers and fruits from dead stone, we do not see it triumphing everywhere lives to cheer us up and make us happy. We must smile at the world in a friendly way. "** Man is the most interesting phenomenon for us because he changes, hides all sorts of surprises, is not satisfied with any form of happiness. M. Kotsyubynsky. ** Love and beauty are the diamonds that he polished from inconspicuous stones and kept in the eternal treasure of our national culture. V. Hnatyuk. ** The great master of the native language died, who in the fiery furnace of his creative spirit poured it into precious crystals and, like a great builder, brought them out, his works of art, full of great artistic taste, deep thought and immeasurably wide love for people … Panas Peaceful. ** In soft, hearty tones, he always talked about people. He liked to talk about Ukraine, about its nature, about the Ukrainian people, he was sad about his illiteracy, but he was convinced that soon everything would change … M. Strazhesko. ** He left us all … the highest testament: never to warm up with a person and always be faithful to the native people, truth, social justice and freedom. P. Tichina.

27.01.2011

The way of life of the Great Kobzar

In 1814, from February 26 to 27 (old style), in the dark of night, in front of the world, in the village of Moryntsi in the Zvenigorod region, in the house of Hryhoriy Shevchenko, the serf of Mr. Engelgard, the only light in the whole village flashed in the window. in Ukraine – its great singer – Taras Shevchenko …

A year passes. Father and mother are serfs. Kateryna, herself still immature, was tied to little Taras like chains: she swaddled, swayed, sang songs, calmed a child’s cry wrapped in a rag of chewed bread, and ran around the corner like a toy. However, she is a nanny and still a child, she wants to take a walk with her friends at the watermelon, run to the crow, to the kvacha. He will put the child on a pasture, in daisies, in the hole that the boys dug, playing dukes, he will order, quarreling with the beam. … I mentioned the little one only when a herd appeared from the field. She opened her eyes wide and clapped her hands. Hardly remembered. The wind flew into the daisies to the duke: sitting. He has no more tears – he is silent. Only his eyes were swollen with tears and his whole face was brought to tears. She just saw Katri’s head over the weeds – where those tears came from – her arms around her. Tongue wings flew from the armed duke Katri in his arms. Now Shevchenko has been officially enrolled as a "foreign student" at the Academy of Arts. The Ukrainian artist eagerly listens to lectures at the academy, reads a lot, uses Bryullov’s library, writes poems, visits theaters, exhibitions, museums – quickly acquires knowledge. In 1838 Shevchenko met the artist Sternberg. In January 1839 he was enrolled as a boarder of the Society for the Promotion of Artists. In April of the same year, Shevchenko was awarded a silver medal of the 2nd degree for a drawing from nature. In 1840 he was awarded a silver medal of the 2nd degree for the first painting with oil paints "A beggar boy gives bread to a dog." At the same time, the artist is fascinated by literary work. In 1837 Shevchenko wrote the ballad "Causal" in 1838 – the poem "Catherine" elegy "In eternal memory of Kotlyarevsky" in 1839 – poetry "Poplar" "To Osnovyanenko". In 1840 a collection of Shevchenko’s works "Kobzar" was published, lab report writing services which contained eight works: "My thoughts …" "Perebendya" "Kateryna" "Topolya" "Dumka" "To Osnovyanenko" "Ivan Pidkova" "Tarasova night". In 1841 the almanac "Swallow" was published, which contained five works by Shevchenko: the ballad "Causal" of poetry "Windy" "In memory of Kotlyarevsky" "Water flows into the blue sea …" the first chapter of the poem "Haidamaki" – "Galaida" and a separate edition of the poem "Haidamaki". Fascinated by the theater, Shevchenko tried his hand at drama. In 1842 there was an excerpt from the play "Nikita Gaidai" written in Russian and the poem "Blind" was written. In 1843, Shevchenko completed the drama "Nazar Stodolya". In 1844 a poem "Gamalia" was published in a separate edition in St. Petersburg. Fourteen years have passed since Shevchenko left Ukraine. On May 19, 1843, Shevchenko went to Ukraine with Hrebinka. Shevchenko stopped in Kachanivka, which belonged to Tarnowski. From Kachanivka, the poet travels to Kyiv, where he performs several drawings of historical monuments. During his stay in Kyiv, he also met Mykhailo Maksymovych, PO Kulish and the artist Senchylo-Stefanovsky, with whom they took part in the excavations of Perepyatykha’s grave near Fastiv in 1846. From Kyiv, Shevchenko went to Hrebinka in the Asylum near Pyriatyn, and from there to Moysivka (now Mosivka, Drabiv district, Cherkasy region), where he met O. Kapnist and P. Ya. Lukashevych. Together with him, Shevchenko visited Yahotyn on the Repnin estate. For a while Shevchenko came to Kyiv again, then visited Zaporizhzhya Sich, the island of Khortytsia, the villages of Pokrovske, Chyhyryn, and Subotiv. In August 1843, in the village of Berezivka, the writer visited P. Ya. Lukashevich. In September, Shevchenko visited Kyrylivka, met with his brothers and sisters, and drew "Taras Shevchenko’s Parents’ House in the Village of Kyrylivka." In Ukraine, Shevchenko made many pencil sketches for the intended series of etchings "Picturesque Ukraine". From Kirilovka he goes to Berezan, where he writes the poem "The Digged Grave". For some time the poet lived in Iskivtsi with Afanasiev-Chuzhbynsky, tried to translate the works of the Polish poet. From October 1843 Shevchenko lived mainly in Yahotyn near Repniny. Here Shevchenko makes two copies of M. Repnin’s portrait to order, draws V. Repnin’s children, self-portrait. He wrote the poem "Tryzna" which he dedicated to Varvara Repnina. Here he met the Psyol sisters. From Yahotyn the poet went to Lubny, Pyriatyn, Berezova Rudka, Kovalivka. Leaving Yahotyn, Shevchenko visited Moysivka, visited J. Balmen in Lynovytsia, where he saw the album "Poems of Taras Shevchenko" rewritten in the Latin alphabet and illustrated by J. Balmen and artist M. Bashilov. Shevchenko visited the village of Turiv-tsi on the estate of M. Markevich. He visited Kyiv and in early 1844 left for Moscow. Here he met the historian OM Bodyansky, Shafarik, met with Shchepkin. He wrote poetry "Chyhyryne, Chyhyryne …" Shevchenko left Moscow for St. Petersburg. In February, Shevchenko returned to St. Petersburg to graduate from the Academy of Arts. From academic works the drawing "Naturist" has remained. He illustrates the historical works of Field. In November 1844, the first issue of "Picturesque Ukraine" was published, which included six etchings: "In Kyiv", "Vydubetsky Monastery in Kyiv", "Starosty", "Judicial Council", "Gifts to Bogdan and the Ukrainian People" , "Fairy Tale". In 1844 he finished the poem "Owl" and created the poem "Dream" of the poem "Maiden’s Night" "I did not walk on Sunday …" "Why am I heavy, why am I bored …" "Bewitch me, magi … "and the poem" Gogol. "In March 1845, Shevchenko graduated from the Academy of Arts, and he was awarded the title of" non-class artist. " At the end of March, Shevchenko left for Moscow, where he met with Shchepkin and Bodyansky. In April 1845, Shevchenko came to Ukraine to live and work here permanently. On April 22, the poet arrived in Kyiv, where he met with Maksymovych. Having received an order from the Kyiv Archaeological Commission to paint historical monuments, Shevchenko went to Zvenigorod region. In Gustinsky monastery and performs several drawings. In mid-August, Shevchenko arrives in Pereyaslav, where he paints a number of monuments. After visiting the village of Andrusha, he painted two sepia "Andrusha". In September 1845 he visited Kyrylivka. In early October, Shevchenko arrived in Myrhorod. Here he wrote the poems "Do not marry the rich …" "Do not envy the rich …" and the mystery of the "Great Cellar". In Pereyaslav, where he lives with Kozachkovsky, Shevchenko wrote the poem "The Mercenary" "The Caucasus" and the introduction to the poem "Heretic". Shevchenko combined the completed works of 1843–1845 into the album "Three Summers". At the end of November the poet went to Kyiv. He was soon officially approved as an employee of the Kyiv Archaeological Commission. At the end of December, the seriously ill Shevchenko arrived in Pereyaslav. Here he wrote the Testament. In January-February, the poet went to Chernihiv region. In the spring he lived in Kyiv for some time. He met the members of the Cyril and Methodius Society Kostomarov, Gulak, Posyada, Markovich, Pilchikov, Tulub, met with Belozersky. In September, Shevchenko went to Podillya and Volyn to collect legends and songs and describe historical monuments. At the end of October he returned to Kyiv. In January 1847 he visited Borzna, Olenivtsi and. In March he lived in Sednev with A. Lyzogub. At the end of March 1847, arrests of members of the Cyril and Methodius Society began. Shevchenko was arrested on April 5, 1847 at the Dnieper crossing, when he was returning to Kyiv. The collection "Three Summers" was selected from him. On April 17, 1847, Shevchenko was brought to St. Petersburg and imprisoned in the casemate of the Third Division. Here he created a series of poems "In the casemate" ("V. Kastomarov" "Will we meet again?" "I do not care …" "Cherry orchard near the house"). His participation in the Cyril and Methodius Society was not proven, but the document for the accusation was the album "Three Summers". Shevchenko was sent as a private to the Separate Orenburg Corps, with a ban on writing and drawing. On June 8, 1847, Shevchenko was taken to Orenburg, and soon sent to the Orsk Fortress.